How do the Assessors determine the value of my property?

Valuation in Massachusetts is based on "full and fair cash value", or the amount a willing buyer would pay a willing seller on the open market. Determining the "full and fair cash value" involves reviewing the sales of similar properties (the market approach to value), what the property would cost today to replace (the cost approach to value), and for income-producing properties, a knowledge of current economic conditions such as rental and vacancy rates, current interest rates, and the rate of return a potential purchaser can expect to receive on their investment (the income approach to value). The Assessor does not create value. Rather, he/she has the responsibility to discover and reflect the changes that are occurring in the marketplace.

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1. How does the Town of Upton Determines Property Value?
2. I recently applied for a Refinance or Home-Equity line. Why was the bank assessment different than the town assessment?
3. What if I disagree with my new property assessment?
4. What should be included when completing an abatement form?
5. What if I am not sure and have trouble completing the form?
6. How can I tell if my value is correct?
7. What about land values?
8. Why can similar properties have different values?
9. How are properties assessed?
10. Will my tax bill go up?
11. How are tax rates set?
12. If values went down why did the rate and tax bill increase?
13. What types of exemptions are available to me to reduce my tax burden?
14. What remedies are available to me if the Assessor denies my abatement application and I am aggrieved by this decision?
15. What if I disagree with the assessment of my property?
16. Am I required to allow the Assessor to inspect my property?
17. How do the Assessors determine the value of my property?
18. What is Proposition 2 ½?
19. What does the Assessing Department do?
20. What does the Assessing Department not do?