What are some of the definitions in federal law that is relevant to the situation in Upton?

Transportation: "(A) a locomotive, car, vehicle, vessel, warehouse, wharf, pier, dock, yard, property, facility, instrumentality, or equipment of any kind related to the movement of passengers or property or both, by rail, regardless of ownership or an agreement concerning use; and (B) services related to that movement, including receipt, delivery, elevation, transfer in transit, refrigeration, icing, ventilation, storage, handling, and interchange of passengers and property." [49 USC. §10102(9)]

Pre-emption: To come within the preemptive scope of §10501(b), activities must be both: (1) transportation; and (2) performed by, or under the auspices of, a rail carrier.

Rail Carrier: means "a person providing common carrier rail transportation for compensation...." [49 USC. §10102(5)]

Railroad: (A) a bridge, car float, lighter, ferry, and intermodal equipment used by or in connection with a railroad; (B) the road used by a rail carrier and owned by it or operated under an agreement; and (C) a switch, spur, track, terminal, terminal facility, and a freight depot, yard, and ground, used or necessary for transportation." [49 USC. §10102(6)]

Transloading: Transferring bulk shipments from the vehicle/container of one mode to that of another at an interchange point (U.S. Department of Transportation).

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1. What is the Grafton Upton Railroad?
2. Who are the present owners of the Railroad?
3. What are their plans for the rail yard located on Maple Avenue?
4. I hear that the Dana Company will be involved in the rail road in Upton. Who are they and what is their role in this operation?
5. What has the Town done to investigate the rights of the railroad?
6. Why did the Board of Selectmen decide to form a railroad fact finding committee and what is the status of that committee?
7. What are some of the definitions in federal law that is relevant to the situation in Upton?
8. What are some of the important factors to consider regarding preemption?
9. What activities are subject to local regulation and are not preempted?
10. Which agency has the authority to make a determination as to whether or not a local regulation is pre-empted?
11. What is involved in asking the Surface Transportation Board (STB) to rule on whether or not the G&U is subject to local regulation in Upton?
12. If the Town were to ask for a declaratory ruling, can the Town stop the activities of the railroad until a ruling could be given by the STB?
13. Why can’t the Planning Board retain counsel in order to file for an STB ruling?
14. What local, state and federal agencies are responsible for monitoring the railroad’s activities?
15. What is happening with the site known as the former Upton landfill & Upton Fuel and Construction?
16. What types of products does the railroad plan to bring into Upton by rail and transload onto trucks?
17. Doesn’t the Town have any say in whether or not hazardous chemicals are brought into our Town?
18. How do we know what hazardous materials are in rail cars coming into Upton?
19. Does the railroad have to provide the Town with Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for the hazardous materials that are brought into Upton?
20. How long can materials that are brought into Upton by rail remain on site before they must be removed?
21. What safety precautions has the railroad installed on the site to make sure that chemical spills do not occur, or if so they are contained?
22. Should I be concerned that the railroad’s site is very close to one of the Town’s Glen Avenue well field?
23. What types of inspections have various agencies made of the G&U site?
24. I’m concerned that I haven’t been notified of blasting taking place at the railroad site given how close it is to people’s homes. What is happening and what should people do if they think their home h
25. What types of local regulations is the railroad preempted from?
26. When the railroad is fully operational, how many trains a day will be coming through Upton?
27. What type of noise can I expect will be generated from the site, and will it be confined to regular business hours or other times of day?
28. Will the railroad contribute to increased truck traffic on our roads?
29. Given the rail cart accident this summer where a car was hit on Hartford Avenue South, what is being done to ensure crossings are safe for drivers?
30. Do the Town and the railroad have an emergency response plan in case of an accident at the site?
31. What resources do the Town and the region have at its disposal to manage a chemical accident at the site?
32. If a resident notices a chemical odor at the site, to whom should they report it?
33. What are the economic benefits to having the railroad operation in Upton?
34. Is the railroad paying property taxes on their site?
35. More Questions?